- SYLLABUS OF 2 YEARS (FOUR SEMESTER) M.TECH. COURSE IN
PETROCHEMICALS & PETROLEUM REFINERY ENGINEERING
Course CHT 101 100 Marks/ 4 credits Process Modeling & Simulation Module 1: Mathematical Modeling Fundamentals: Art of modeling, laws, assumptions, degrees of freedom, consistent modeling, synthesis, analysis and optimization. General purpose modeling, specific purpose modeling, scientific modeling, engineering modeling. Module 2: Models of equipment, unit operation/unit process; material & energy balance, property relations, Constraints, steady state and unsteady state models. Specific Equipment Design models: Batch reactor, continuous tank reactor, Continuous tubular, catalytic reactor, heat exchanger, Distillation column. Module 3: Plant modeling, stream variable and stream properties, tear stream and tear variable, modular approaches: sequential, simultaneous and equation solving approaches. Sequencing and ordering of solving equations. Plant modeling: A plant with/without a recycle stream, plant with controlling elements. Module 4: Solution algorithm and flow chart development for various mathematical models. Computer simulation: Programming languages, sequences and algorithm development. Specific simulators: Binary distillation column, Heat exchanger, reactor, flasher. Plant flow sheeting: Three CSTR in series, Propylene dimerization plant, sulfuric acid plant, etc. . Paper II Course PPR 102 100 marks/ 4 credits Analytical Methods in Petroleum Industry Module 1: Chromatography – Principle, Classification, Techniques, Application, GLC Module 2: Emission and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy, Infrared, Ultraviolet, Visible and Raman Spectroscopy, Nuclear magnetic and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy. Module 3: Light Scattering and X-Ray methods Module 4: Mass Spectrometry – principle, techniques, application; GC-MS, LC-MS Paper III Course PPR 103 100 marks/4 credits Petrochemicals Module 1: Definitions of Petrochemicals, feed stocks, intermediates and finished products. Major petrochemicals and their uses. Comparison of gas based and naphtha based petrochemicals manufacture.
Module 2: Naphtha cracking, operating conditions for cracking, the products streams,
fractionating the products. Pyrolysis gasoline and other by products. Flowsheet diagram of a
typical naphtha cracking plant.
Module 3: Synthesis processes for polyethylene, polypropylene, Polyvinyl chloride,
polyethylene terephthalate, Polystyrene, poly butadiene, ABS, SBR, Poly methyl Metha
Acrylate, PTFE, Nylons, Formaldehyde resins, Polyurethane, silicone
Module 4: Typical synthetic fiber, plastic, resin and rubber manufacturing processes.
Moulding methods of plastics, vulcanization of rubber.
Lab – I
Course CHT 104 100 marks/4 credits
Computer Application in Chemical Industries
Writing computer program to solve complex design and modeling problems like heat
exchangers, flashers, reactors, distillation columns, plant simulation problems etc.
Lab – II
Course PPR 105 100 marks/4 credits Petroleum Technology Laboratory I Analysis of Petroleum products – ultimate analysis, molecular analysis, structural analysis (n-d M). Standard (ASTM/IP) analytical techniques : FIA and other chromatographic methods, Sulphonation etc. Application of UV, IR, Mass spectroscopy, AAS, XRD in petroleum analysis. Catalyst preparation and characterization. Interpretation of data from laboratory experiments and design elements for some reactor types used in petrochemical industries.
Course CHT 201 100 marks/4 credits Optimization Module 1: Introductory concepts : Objective function, single valued function, multivalued function, non-linear function, linear function, stationary point, relative and absolute extreme, convex, concave and unimodal functions, gradient reduction method, jacobian and hessian matrix.
Module 2: Optimization of univariate system using analytical method. Search techniques,
quadratic interpolation, cubic interpolation. Optimization of multivariate unconstrained system
Module 3: Search techniques. First order methods and second order methods. Optimization of
multivariate constrained systems using Lagrange multipliers, penalty function, linear
programming and non-linear programming.
Module 4: Computer programming of optimization of specific problems related with chemical
Course PPR 202 100 marks/4 credits Reaction Engineering & Catalyst Technology Group A: Reaction Engineering Module 1: Mechanism of catalytic and non-catalytic reaction, mathematical analysis of rate expressions used in flow and non-flow reactors. Introduction to chemical and physical rate processes, determinations of controlling steps in overall rate. Residence time distributions : Residence time functions and relation amongst them. Modelling of real systems. Non-ideality parameters. Prediction of reactor performance. Module 2: Thermal characteristics of reactors. Isothermal, adiabatic and non- adiabatic conditions. Principles of reactor stability and optimization. Design of chemical reactors, comparison of performances, optimum operation analysis of reactors, detailed consideration of the design of reactors with emphasis on mass and momentum transport. Momentum, mass and heat transport in fixed and fluidized bed reactors. Group B: Catalyst Technology Module 3: Catalysts: Catalyst preparation techniques, catalyst activity and the factors which influence it. The effect of physical properties such as surface area and pore size etc. on catalyst activity, method of determination of their physical properties. Catalyst poisoning. Module 4: The mechanism of heterogeneous catalytic reactions, adsorption isotherms, kinetics of solid catalyzed fluid reactions, interpretation of chemisorptions and surface catalysis based on modern solid state theories, reaction types and mechanism of selected reactions. Methodology of catalyst selection and development. Promoters and supports. Catalysts for various industrial processes executed in petroleum and petrochemical industries. Paper VIII Course PPR 203 100 marks/4 credits Refinery Engineering Module 1: Origin of Crude oil, exploration and production. Composition of crude oil and its products. Specifications and testing methods.
Module 2: Various major Refinery operations: desalting, atmospheric and vacuum distillation,
solvent extraction, thermal cracking , catalytic cracking, reforming, hydrocrcaking, hydroisomerization,etc.
Module 3: Offsites, power and utilities, start-up and shut down operations, trouble shooting
Module 4: Crude oil and product quantity measurement and pricing methods. Automatic plant
control instrumentation, logic and strategies. Maintenance and safety measures in a refinery.
Management procedure of refining operations.
Course PPR 204 100 marks/4 credits High Pressure Technology Module 1: Behaviour of metal under high pressure and temperature, stress and strain distribution in thick-walled cylinder pressure reactors. Module 2: High pressure equipment used in measurement of high pressure, closures, connections, valves, compressors, liquid pumps etc. Module 3: P-V-T relationships, phase equilibria, specific heat, viscosity under high pressure. Module 4: Design aspects of high pressure reactors used in petroleum and petrochemical industries. Paper X Lab – III Course PPR 205 100 marks/4 credits Petroleum Technology Laboratory II Catalytic reactions in petroleum and petrochemical industries. Suspension and Emulsion polymerization. Third Semester Paper XI Course PPR 301 (200+100) Marks/(8+4) credits a) Project Feasibility Each student shall be required to submit two bound type written copies of a project report on a proposed chemical plant manufacturing product/products related to one’s course/subject to be worked out under the supervision of a faculty member. The report shall include mass and energy balances, type and capacity of equipment selected and recommended, plant layout, feasibility analysis highlighting market survey, pattern of assistance available from the central and state government agencies, bank and financial institutions. Assistance for technology, raw materials, finance. Legal obligation. b) The student is to appear in a Viva-Voce examination.
Course PPR 302 100 Marks/4 credits Seminar Each student will be required to prepare and submit an assay or review paper on selected technological topic related to subject under the supervision of a faculty member. He/She shall give a talk based on his/her paper before the Seminar. The attendance in the seminar is compulsory for all the students. Paper XIII Course PPR 303 100 Marks/4 credits General Viva Voce
Course PPR 401 (400+100) Marks/ (15+5) credits Research Project (a) Each student shall be required to carry out under the supervision of a faculty member original investigation on an industrial problem related to subject. He/She shall submit three type-written bound copies of thesis embodying the results of his/her investigations (b) The student shall defend his/her thesis in a viva-voce examination.
- Lectures 0
- Quizzes 0
- Duration 104 weeks
- Skill level Intermediate
- Language English
- Students 70
- Assessments Self